EnglishEspañolFrançaisBahasa IndonesiaTiếng ViệtWhen you’re creating or editing a long document, you’llprobably have to create a table of contents, That might sound like a chore, butfortunately, you can do it in just a few clicks" /> EnglishEspañolFrançaisBahasa IndonesiaTiếng ViệtWhen you’re creating or editing a long document, you’llprobably have to create a table of contents, That might sound like a chore, butfortunately, you can do it in just a few clicks" />

Cách mở navigation trong word 2010

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When you’re creating or editing a long document, you’llprobably have lớn create a table of contents. That might sound lượt thích a chore, butfortunately, you can vì chưng it in just a few clicks. Then, if you change the document, Word can update the table of content instantly. 

Best of all, Word includes hyperliên kết khổng lồ the various sections in your table of contents, so it isn"t just a visual aid forprinted documents, but it"s also perfect to lớn make easy-to-browse online documents và PDFs with.Bạn vẫn xem: Cách mlàm việc navigation vào word 2007

Creating the table of contents in Word itself is simple, but the tricky part is getting it to work the way you want. In this tutorial, I"ll show you everything you need to lớn make a simple, auto-generated table of contents, & then get it to look the way you want in every version of Microsoft Word.

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How lớn Make a Table of Contents in Microsoft Word (Screencast)

You can follow along using your own document, or if you prefer, tải về the zip tệp tin included for this tutorial. It contains a document called The Age of Einstein.docx, which is a public domain physics textbook (credit khổng lồ the author, Professor Frank W.K. Firk).


Watch the Clip screencast above sầu or follow the written tutorial instructions below for more detail on how to lớn make a table of contents in Word.

Creating Your Table of Contents in Word

There are a few ways of creating a table of contents in Word, but only two that you’llever use

Create them automatically from built-in stylesCreate them from your custom styles

These methods work mostly the same in Windows & Mac versions of Microsoft Word.

Using MS Word built-in styles is the faskiểm tra and most commontechnique, và using custom styles takes only a little more work. Sometimes,you’ll want khổng lồ use both techniques in the same document. Once you have a table of contents (TOC) imãng cầu document, you can format it with its own styles. You don’t want khổng lồ format theTOC like regular text, because the formatting can easily get wiped out.

How the Textbook is Organized

Before doing anything to the document, let’s see how it’sorganized. Page 1 is the title, page 2 is blank and will hold the table of contents, page 3is the preface, và after that comes the text. As you scroll down, notice that headings& subheadings are formatted.





On the Mac, use Sidebar > Navigation khổng lồ navigate through a document.

On your Mac or PC, go back lớn the Hometab if you’re not already there. Keep your eye on the Styles box on the ribbon,& click the items in the pane khổng lồ navigate through the book. 

Notice that theitems with whole numbers – like 2.Understanding the Physical Universe – are formatted as Heading 1, and itemswith decimals – like 2.1 Reality and PureThought – are formatted as Heading 2. There are also a few decimal items –lượt thích 4.5 Space Travel – that areformatted as Heading 3.

Tip: whencreating a document, the shortcuts for applying the Heading 1, 2 and 3 stylesare Ctrl-Alt-1, Ctrl-Alt-2, & Ctrl-Alt-3(and Command-Opt-1, Command-Opt -2, and Command-Opt-3 on the Mac).

Generating a Table of Contents Using Built-In Header Styles in Word

Word can now turn those Heading styles into lớn table of contentsentries. Cliông chồng at the top of page 2. (Tip: in Windows, press Ctrl-G,type 2, then press Enter. On the Mac, press Command-Opt-G, type 2, then press Return.)

In Windows, go khổng lồ the Referencestab on the ribbon, cliông xã the Table ofContents button on the left, then choose one of the two built-in tablesfrom the menu. lưu ý that the thumbnails show that Headings 1, 2 và 3 will beincluded.

It’s almost the same on the Mac. Go lớn the Insert thực đơn, choose Index và Tables, then piông chồng one of theformats on the left and clichồng OK.This dialog box also shows that Headings 1-3 will be included.

A table of contents is a field that you can update in MS Word. In Windows, fields have a gray background.

This works great, but there’s one problem. Before theIntroduction, there is a Preface thatshould be included in the table of contents. And just before Appendix A1 is the heading forthe Appendix, và that should also beincluded. But they weren’t, because they’re both formatted with a custom stylecalled Large heading, & customstyles don’t get included in the mặc định table of contents. The second method of creating table of contents in Word will fix that.

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Creating a Table of Contents From Custom Styles in Word

In Windows, go bachồng to the References tab, cliông chồng the Tableof Contents button, then near the bottom of the thực đơn, choose Custom Table of Contents. Click the Options button near the bottom of the dialog box to lớn display the Table of Contents Options dialog box.

On the Mac, go to lớn baông chồng to lớn the Insert menu & choose Indexvà Tables. In the Table of Contents section, click the Options button.

On the Mac or PC the Table of Contents Options dialog box shows that the Heading 1 style will have sầu TOC level 1,the Heading 2 style will have TOC màn chơi 2, & the Heading 3 style will haveTOC cấp độ 3.

After adding custom styles to lớn the TOC danh sách, text formatted with those styles will appear in the table.

Manually Updating the Table of Contents in Word

There are other times when you’ll want lớn update the tablemanually. This is handy when you change the text of one of the headings andwant the change reflected in the table of contents.

Scroll down to the page with the preface. At the top of the page replacePREFACE with FORWARD. Make sure it still uses the Large heading style.

Go baông xã lớn the top of the table of contents và cliông xã in it. Note that ithas a gray background; that means it’s a field, và fields can usually beupdated. 

Cliông xã the Update Tablebutton either on the TOC itself (that button doesn"t always appear) or on the References tab, & the first entry changes khổng lồ FORWARD. (On the Mac, right-click the table and choose Update Field from the pop-up menu. Choose the Update entire table option và cliông chồng OK.)

Update the table of contents with either of the Update Table buttons or by right-clicking on the table và selecting Update field. (Windows example shown here.)

Now that the table of contents displays the correct text, wecan apply nicer formatting though.

How lớn Modify Table of Contents Styles in Word

Each heading màn chơi of the table of contents has its ownstyle that’s automatically applied. All we have khổng lồ vày is change the formattingof the styles khổng lồ change the table’s appearance, here"s how:

In Windows, in the References tab of the ribbon, cliông xã again on the Table of Contents button và choose Custom Table of Contents, near thebottom. In the Table of Contents dialog box, clichồng Modify.On the Mac, cliông xã Insert > Indexvà Tables. On the left side, choose From Template, thencliông xã Modify. Everything else worksthe same way as in Windows.In the Table of Contents dialog box, click Modify, và another dialog box appears,showing style names & formatting for the TOC heading levels. Select TOC1.Click the Modifybutton just below it, và the Style dialog box appears. (On the Mac, it"s called the Properties dialog box.)
After editing the table of contents styles và updating the table, you"ll see the new formatting.


When you have sầu a long document, you don’t have khổng lồ fearcreating a table of contents. Whether you’re using Windows or a Mac, you caninsert one in just a few clicks, then use the same dialog box to change theformatting.

As you learned in this table of contents tutorial, remember not lớn apply formatting directly to lớn the table, because itcan get wiped out if you replace it. If you make any changes lớn the Word document itself, remember to lớn clichồng the top of the TOC và update it. Leave a comment below if you have sầu any trouble making or tweaking your table of contents.

To learn more about working with Microsoft Word, study the following tutorials:

Editorial Note: This post wasoriginally published in năm trước. It has been comprehensively revised khổng lồ make itcurrent, accurate, và up lớn date by our staff—with special assistance from Laura Spencer.